Cracow, Poland

Local Government Administration

Administracja samorządowa

Language: Polish Studies in Polish
Subject area: economy and administration
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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Local usually refers to something nearby, or in the immediate area.
Local Government
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.
The free system of government we have established is so congenial with reason, with common sense, and with a universal feeling, that it must produce approbation and a desire of imitation, as avenues may be found for truth to the knowledge of nations.
James Madison, letter to Pierre E. Duponceau, January 23, 1826. James Madison papers, Library of Congress. These words are inscribed in the Madison Memorial Hall, Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building.
Say to the seceded States—Wayward sisters, depart in peace!
Winfield Scott, letter to W. H. Seward (March 3, 1861)
No government, any more than an individual, will long be respected without being truly respectable; nor be truly respectable without possessing a certain portion of order and stability.
James Madison, Federalist No. 62


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